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Insertion, Updation and Deletion Anamolies are very frequent if database is not normalized. To understand these anomalies let us take an example of a Student . Database Normalization: Explain 1NF, 2NF, 3NF, BCNF With Examples + PDF: The purpose of normalization is to make the life of users easier. 1NF is the most basic of normal forms – each cell in a table must contain only one piece of information, and there can be no duplicate rows. 2NF and 3NF are all.

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Cary Patrick December 5, 9: Summary Database designing is critical to the successful 2fn of a database management system that meets the data requirements of an enterprise system. Arcturus 1, 1 12 Jack Graw December 4, 7: What is the difference between normalization and denormalization? The design needs to be modified in order to conform to the BCNF.

Here, the department column is dependent on the professor name column.

1NF, 2NF, 3NF and BCNF in Database Normalization | Studytonight

Student name Enrolment number Rahul 1 Rajat hcnf Raman 3 Here the second column is unique and it indicates the enrollment number for the student. The fields to be included are employee name, employee ID no, employee location and employee contact no.

All the non primary key columns in the table should depend on the entire primary key.


Then B can be considered to be 1hf functional and dependent on A. As Chris said in his response: Jonathan Leffler k 89 I am an Indian blogger and ranked at number 4th on all time favorite bloggers of India.

By splitting the table, the partial functional dependency is removed and atomicity is achieved for both the tables thus realizing 1NF in the process. Whenever possible, include the example in the answer itself.

What are database normal forms and can you give examples? – Stack Overflow

What is the alternative to database normalization? Oliver Watson December 5, This is a common interview question.

Columns in a table that are NOT used to identify a record uniquely are called non-key columns. Database is the collection of data in the form of rows, columns, and tables that is indexed periodically to make relevant information more accessible.

There are no transitive functional dependencies, and hence our table is in 3NF In Table 3 Salutation ID is primary key, and in Table 1 Salutation ID is foreign to primary key in Table 3 Now our little example is at a level that cannot further be decomposed to attain higher forms of normalization. A composite key is a primary key composed of multiple columns used to identify a record uniquely In our database, we have two people with the same name Robert Phil, but they live in different places.

Normalization of Database

An entity is said to be in the second normal form when it is already in 1NF and all the attributes bnf within it are dependent solely on the unique identifier of the entity. To make the table comply with BCNF we can break the table in three tables like this: This also saves storage.


In such a situation, replicating so much data will increase the storage requirement unnecessarily. Suppose attribute B is functionally dependent on A, but is not on a proper subset of A. Arcturus read through the article, still one of the better explanations for normalization out there.

Nancy Morris December 4, According to the definition of BCNF left hand side should be key. However, think about the case when there are hundreds of courses and instructors and for each instructor, we have to store not just the mobile number, but also other details like office address, ncnf address, specialization, availability, etc.

Each record needs to be unique. There can be some situations where fact table contains lot of columns. This depends on your application needs that it requires normalization or not.