ALBERTINA SISULU BIOGRAPHY PDF

June 19, 2020 0 By admin

Biography of Albertina Sisulu. Prominent leader in the African National Congress and ‘Mother of the Nation’. Mama Albertina Nontsikelelo Sisulu was a political activist, nurse and born on 21 October into the Thethiwe family in a village called Xolobe in the. Nontsikelelo Albertina Sisulu (born ) was one of the most important women leaders of the anti-apartheid resistance in South Africa. She was a leader of the.

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When 20, women gathered outside the Union Buildings in Pretoria in to protest to the South African prime minister JG Strijdom against an extension to the pass laws, they sang: Albertina, who has died aged 92, was quiet and unassuming, but her strength and resilience over a lifetime of persecution and hardship were extraordinary. She was born Nontsikelelo Thethiwe in the village of Camama, in rural Transkei. Her happy childhood ended when she was 11 with the death of her father, a miner, probably from the lung disease pneumoconiosis.

Her mother was always sickly and Albertina — as she was christened by the missionaries who educated her — looked after her three siblings. Twice she had to drop out of school, so she was two years behind the rest of the class when she graduated from Mariazell, a Catholic mission school, in She wanted to become a nun, but that would have made it difficult to support her family, so she opted for nursing.

He was instantly smitten and they married inwith Mandela as best man. Albertina had been apolitical but soon she became subsumed in Walter’s great passion.

After Aprilwhen he went underground to head the military wing of the ANC, Umkhonto we Sizwe Spear of the Nationshe became the breadwinner, supporting from her meagre nurse’s salary their three sons, Max, Mlungisi, Zwelakhe, two daughters, Lindiwe and Nonkululeko, adopted children Gerald and Beryl, several nephews and nieces and, later, grandchildren.

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She insisted that their home in Soweto and its garden be immaculate and that every visitor be fed, no matter how little food there was. Albertina simply carried on where Walter had left off after he and the rest of the ANC leadership were imprisoned at Robben Island in The state persecuted Albertina relentlessly.

She was repeatedly arrested, sometimes under the Terrorism Act, which allowed detention without trial; sometimes on trumped-up charges. Banning orders meant she could not go to meetings or leave the district. One of the reasons given for her first banning order, inwas that she had attended “a multiracial reception at the British consulate”. Max Sisulu’s wife, Elinor, wrote in In Our Lifetime, a biography of her parents-in-law, that what Albertina found hardest to bear was the persecution of her children.

Max was forced into exile aged After repeated detentions and torture, Lindiwe fled to Britain via Swaziland, where she pursued doctoral studies at York University.

Zwelakhe, a journalist, was detained, tortured and banned.

Albertina Sisulu | South African political activist |

Each detention caused Albertina dreadful anxiety, particularly after her nephew, Kenneth Sisulu, died in custody. The brutal suppression of the student uprisings of recruited thousands for Umkhonto we Sizwe. Albertina organised for them to join training camps in neighbouring states.

When the United Democratic Front, effectively the internal wing of the ANC, was launched inMa Sisulu, as she was known, was elected one its three national presidents.

But by that time, she was back in jail. She spent seven months in solitary confinement before being tried for promoting the ANC at a friend’s funeral.

She was sentenced to four years, two of which were suspended, but was released pending appeal and immediately resumed her political work.

Albertina Sisulu – Wikipedia

Two years later, she was arrested again and charged with treason. There were massive protests. International opinion had swung against apartheid.

The state’s case collapsed and she was freed again. Albertina was regarded by many as the mother of the nation. But so was that other famous wife, Winnie Mandela.

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Albertina was intermittently horrified by Winnie’s behaviour but, mindful of the state’s desire to set the two women against each other, and the closeness of their husbands, refused to be drawn into public criticism of her.

The murder in of Dr Abu Baker Asvat changed things. Biogdaphy Asvat had set up a mobile clinic in a poor squatter community, and in the early s Albertina went to work for him as his nurse. One day, he was asked to examine two youths sent to him by Winnie albertlna evidence of sexual assault: Baker Asvat found no signs of assault, which did not please Winnie.

Albertina Sisulu

Soon afterwards, he was shot in his surgery. Nothing was ever proved, but Albertina had serious misgivings about the circumstances of Baker Asvat’s death. Later, inwhen the Truth and Reconciliation Commission investigated claims that Winnie Mandela had ordered his killing, Albertina was called to testify but gave no incriminating evidence.

Inshe was finally allowed a passport and went abroad for the first time. Alberfina October, Walter was released. The couple travelled extensively for the next few years, mostly on business.

Albertina Sisulu obituary

A second honeymoon was taken in a Black Sea dacha after an official visit albwrtina the Kremlin. The plight of women and children was her abiding concern. After his death, she lived quietly in the family home in Linden, a Johannesburg suburb, but her children continue to play a prominent role in South African public life: Lindiwe is minister of defence and Max is speaker of the National Assembly.

Albertina is survived by her children, 26 grandchildren and three great-grandchildren.