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Plant Morphology: Growth Form: Shrub to small tree, able to grow up to about 3 m tall. Foliage: Leaves green, palmately 3 – 5 lobed, measuring up to 15 cm long . The tree spinach (Cnidoscolus chayamansa McVaughn, Euphorbiaceae), called “chaya” in south Texas, is popular in Mexico and Central. Download Citation on ResearchGate | Pharmacognostical studies on Cnidoscolus chayamansa leaves | The tree spinach Cnidoscolus chayamansa Mc Vaugh.

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Cnidoscolus chayamansa Mc Vaugh, an important antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and cardioprotective plant used in Mexico.

In South East Mexico, because of its high nutritional values, is an important part of the diet of dhayamansa indigenous communities.

Chaya is also used as a traditional remedy for the treatment of diabetes, rheumatism, gastrointestinal disorders and inflammation-related diseases. Although Cnidoscolus chayamansa is one of most used and valued medicinal plants, only few studies on documenting its pharmacological properties can be found. To determine the anti-inflammatory activity, the TPA-induced mouse ear edema and the carrageenan-induced mouse paw edema assays were used.

Finally, the acute toxicity was determined using Lorke’s method. When tested for their antioxidant activity none of the extracts showed a significant activity suggesting that the antinflammatory activity is not related to a direct free radical scavenging of the extracts.

All these results are relevant for a better understanding of the therapeutic used of Cnidoscolus chayamansa in the Mexican traditional medicine and highlights its cardioprotective potential. Antiprotozoal, antimycobacterial, and anti-inflammatory evaluation of Cnidoscolus chayamansa Mc Vaugh extract and the isolated compounds.

Cnidoscolus chayamansa is a medicinal and edible plant known as Chaya, is commonly used as an anti-inflammatory, antiprotozoal, antibacterial agent and as a remedy for respiratory illness, gastrointestinal disorders, and vaginal infections related with the inflammation process.

In this paper, we describe the plant’s phytochemical analysis and biological activities antimycobacterial, antibacterial, antiprotozoal, and anti-inflammatory properties of the CHCl 3: In vitro antibacterial and antimycobacterial activities were determined by disc diffusion and MABA assays, respectively; antiprotozoal test by means of the sub-culture test. Moretenol, moretenyl acetate, kaempferol-3,7-dimethyl ether, and 5-hydroxy’,4′-trimethoxyflavanone were the main compounds isolated. Kaempferol-3,7-dimethyl ether and 5-hydroxy’,4′-trimethoxy-flavanone were more active than the extract against E.

Proximate composition and mineral content of two edible species of Cnidoscolus tree spinach. Proximate composition and mineral content of raw and cooked leaves of two edible tree spinach species Cnidoscolus chayamansa and C. Results of the study indicated that the edible leafy parts of the two chaya species contained significantly p 0. Cooking of chaya leaves slightly reduced nutritional composition of both chaya species. Cooking is essential prior to consumption to inactivate the toxic hydrocyanic glycosides present in chaya leaves.

Based on the results of this study, the edible chaya leaves may be good dietary sources of minerals Ca, K and Fe and vitamins ascorbic acid and beta-carotene.

Potential Nutritional and Health Benefits of Tree Spinach

Screening of Bioactivities and Toxicity of Cnidoscolus quercifolius Pohl. The caatinga, an exclusively Brazilian biome, is one of the most endangered vegetation systems in the planet. To be exploited rationally, its potential needs to be scientifically demonstrated.

Among these is the faveleira, used in northeastern Brazil. It stands out for its extraordinary drought resistance and medicinal properties. The objective of this study was to assess the therapeutic potential of compounds extracted from Cnidoscolus quercifolius Pohl in preventing disease and its rational use as a herbal therapeutic tool. The methodology began with the collection and herborization of the plant material, to obtain the chemical compounds, preliminary phytochemical analysis, and extraction of the constituents of the active extracts.

To determine the biological activities the authors conducted investigation of antioxidant and antimicrobial activities, inhibition capacity of the acetylcholinesterase enzyme, and initial assessment of toxicity of the extracts. The results demonstrated great potential as an antimicrobial agent, an important antioxidant capacity, and acetylcholinesterase inhibition response with no significant difference compared with the reference drug.


The authors expect to develop a new herbal product, resulting in lower production costs and that, consequently, could be commercialized in more accessible form to the population, highlighting the risk reduction of contraindication of this category of medications.

Aldose reductase inhibitors from the leaves of Myrciaria dubia H. Ellagic acid 1 and its two derivatives, 4-O-methylellagic acid 2 and 4- alpha-rhamnopyranosyl ellagic acid 3 were isolated as inhibitors of aldose reductase AR from Myrciaria dubia H. Compound 2 was the first isolated from the nature. The type of inhibition against HRAR was uncompetitive. Phytochemical investigation and proximate analysis on the leaves of Cnidoscolus aconitifolius. The study was designed to carry out the phytochemical screening and the proximate analysis of Cnidoscolus aconitifolius leaves.

cnidoscolus chayamansa mcvaugh: Topics by

The results obtained showed the presence of tannins, saponin, alkaloids, and flavonoids with the absence of glycosides. The proximate analysis and mineral composition of C. The leaves of C. Susceptibility of Tetranychus urticae Koch to an ethanol extract of Cnidoscolus aconitifolius leaves under laboratory conditions.

One of the main pests of commercial rose crops fhayamansa Colombia is the phytophagous mite Tetranychus urticae Koch. To manage this pest, synthetic chemicals have traditionally been used, some of which are well known to chayamansz potentially toxic to the environment and humans.

Therefore, alternative strategies for pest management in greenhouse crops have been developed in recent years, including biological control with natural enemies such as parasitoids, predators and entomopathogenic microorganisms as well as chemical control using plant extracts. Such extracts have shown toxicity to insects, which has positioned them as a common alternative in programs of integrated pest management. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of an unfractionated ethanolic extract of Cnidoscolus aconitifolius leaves on adult females of T.

The extract was chemically characterized by recording its metabolic profile via liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry, along with tentative metabolite identification. It was found that the C.

The main metabolites identified included flavonoid- and sesquiterpene-type compounds, in addition to chromone- and xanthone-type cniddoscolus as minor constituents with potential acaricidal effects. Bauhinia forficata and Cnidoscolus quercifolius plants are commonly used in folk medicine.

However, few studies have investigated their therapeutic potential.

Herein, we evaluated the antimicrobial activity of B. The following tests were performed: Antiproliferative tests were carried out with human keratinocytes and six tumor lines. Bauhinia forficata showed antimicrobial activity only against C.

Chaya plant (Cnidoscolus Chayamansa) – Picture of Moonracer Farm Lodging & Tours, San Antonio

It also inhibited biofilm adhesion and caused alterations in cell morphology. Bauhinia forficata and C. The use of medicinal plants in the treatment of infectious processes has an important function nowadays, due to the limitations of the use of synthetic antibiotics available, related specifically to the microbial resistance emergence.

Texas bull nettle Cnidoscolus texanus is covered in bristly hairs similar to stinging nettle. Contact with the plant may result in intense dermal pain, burning, itching, cellulitis, and allergic reaction. This study characterizes C texanus exposures reported to a large state-wide poison center chayamznsa. Cases were C texanus exposures reported to Texas poison centers during The distribution of cases was determined for patient demographics, exposure circumstances, and patient outcome.

A total of C texanus exposures were identified. Eighty-eight percent of the exposures resulted in dermal effects: C texanus exposures reported to Texas poison centers were fhayamansa likely to be unintentional and occur at the patient’s own residence. The outcomes of the exposures tended not to be serious and could be managed successfully outside of health care facilities. Published by Elsevier Inc.


Performance of broilers fed on diets containing different amounts of chaya Cnidoscolus aconitifolius leaf meal.

The performance and gut measurements of broilers fed on diets containing different amounts of chaya Cnidoscolus aconitifolius leaf meal CLM were examined in two experiments. The diets were offered ad libitum for 2 or 3 weeks in the first and second experiments, respectively. Food intake, weight gain and the food: The weight of the gizzard and intestine and the weight and length of the caeca were also determined in the second experiment. In experiment 1, the birds fed on the maize-soyabean diet had a higher p Morphological and genetic diversity of camu-camu [Myrciaria dubia Kunth McVaugh ] in the Peruvian Amazon.

Camu-camu [Myrciaria dubia Kunth McVaugh ] is currently an important and promising fruit species grown in the Peruvian Amazon, as well as in Brazil, Colombia, and Bolivia.

The species is valued for its high content of fruit-based vitamin C. Large plantations have been established only in the last two decades, and a substantial part of the production is still obtained by collecting fruits from the wild. Domestication of the species is at an early stage; most farmers cultivate the plants without any breeding, or only through a simple mass selection process.

The main objective of the study was to characterize morphological and genetic variation within and among cultivated and natural populations of camu-camu in the Peruvian Amazon. In total, we sampled 13 populations: The analysis did not reveal statistically significant differences for most of the morphological descriptors. For wild and cultivated populations, the observed heterozygosity was 0.

Cnidoscolus chayamansa

In cultivated populations, their approximate origin was determined. Our findings indicate a high genetic diversity among the populations, but also a high cnidoscilus of inbreeding within the populations. This can be explained by either the isolation of these populations from each other or the low number of individuals in some populations. This high level of genetic diversity can be explored for the selection of superior individuals for further breeding.

Leaf fluctuating asymmetry, soil disturbance and plant stress: A multiple year comparison using two herbs, Ipomoea pandurata and Cnidoscolus stimulosus. We studied Cnidoscolus stimulosus and Ipomoea pandurata, two common herbs of the Fall Line Sandhills to assess their potential as ecosystem level stress indicators. We focused on plants because they are among the most persistent organisms in terrestrial ecosystems.

We used developmental instability as an indicator of plant population stress. Developmental instability is usually measured as deviations from symmetry, in traits that normally develop symmetrically. Thus, symmetry represents an idealized a priori chayamanssa. Stress presumably causes perturbations during development that may exceed the capacity of the organism to buffer or correct, resulting in developmental instability, and hence deviations from this ideal.

Soil disturbance imposed by different land use chayamansz at Fort Benning, Georgia provided a gradient of soil disturbance. In we collected plants from nine different sites representing three levels of disturbance. In addition, in we collected microhabitat data in 1 m quadrats surrounding each plant whose developmental stability we also assessed.

The developmental instability of both species was influenced by land use patterns, whether or not the sites had been previously burned, and microhabitat variables. Developmental instability increased with soil disturbance, burning in the prior year, and as the percentage of bare ground increased around the target individual. To some extent, favorable microhabitat conditions reduced developmental instability in sites with medium and high soil disturbance, whereas unfavorable conditions at low soil disturbance sites increased developmental instability.