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Ann Anat. Jul; doi: / Epub Apr 3. Medical Students’ Assessment of Eduard Pernkopf’s Atlas: Topographical. The following biography is mainly based on the article “The History of Eduard Pernkopf’s Topographische Anatomie des Menschen” (see bibliography) by David. A University of Vienna investigation determined in that Eduard Pernkopf’s anatomy department used bodies of executed prisoners from the Gestapo and.

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His article is a must for anybody who wants to know more about this subject. We thank David J. Williams for permission to eduar this material. Eduard Pernkopf was the son of a practicing physician and the youngest of three children. Already as a child his great interest was music, but his father died inand in order to help support his family he decided on a medical career. Here he was active in a nationalistic German student fraternity, Die akademische Burschenschaft Allemania, eduagd in Pernkopf received his pernkopff degree in From that year he was assistant in the II.

Anatomical institute of Vienna and for the next fourteen taught anatomy at various posts throughout Austria. He also served as a physician for one year during World War I.

The abilities of the young physician were noted by Ferdinand Hochstetterdirector of the anatomical institute in Vienna, who soon became a father figure for Pernkopf.

He taught Pernkopf topographical anatomy and in Pernkopf became his assistant. Pernkopf was habilitated for anatomy inprrnkopf professor extraordinary inand in May,he became professor of anatomy at the University of Vienna. In April,psrnkopf succeeded Ferdinand Hochstetter as director of the anatomical institute.

Pernkopf was a fervent believer in National Socialism. After Hitler’s invasion of Austria inthe Anschluss, he was instated as dean of the medical school. One of his first acts as dean was to purge the medical school faculty of Jews and other undesirable members.


Medical Students’ Assessment of Eduard Pernkopf’s Atlas: Topographical Anatomy of Man.

The University of Vienna, once among the premier medical schools of Europe, lost of its faculty members, including 3 Nobel laureates. In his first official speech in his new capacity, Pernkopf issued the following charge to his faculty in words that wduard predict both euthanasia and eventual Holocaust:.

The methods by which racial hygiene proceeds are well known to you: Pernkopf remained dean untilduring which time he completed his first atlas, then from to he was Rektor Magnificus president of the Exuard of Vienna.

His anatomical atlas, the magnificently illustrated Topographische Anatomie des Menschen Atlas of Topographical and Applied Human Anatomymaps the human body in exquisite detail and has been hailed as one pegnkopf the most important anatomic atlases since the work of Vesalius.

In the mid s, however, when the university’s wartime practices were investigated, it was assumed that Pernkopf arranged for the bodies of nearly people executed by the Gestapo, mostly for political reasons, to serve as models for the atlas’ drawings.

This is not a settled question, however. Their collaboration coincided with the development and refinement of four-colour separation, a printing technique which enabled the more than watercolour paintings produced for his work to be reproduced in colour with great fidelity to the originals.

Like Pernkopf, the artists were also active party members.

The first of them was Erich Lepier who, for a while, signed his paintings with a Hakenkreuz swastika. Lepier became the leader of the other artists who followed, of which the pernkkopf important were Ludwig Schrott, Jr. After the war they were joined by Werner Platzer. Although never charged with war crimes, Pernkopf spent three years in an Allied prison camp near Salzburg after the war.

Medical Students’ Assessment of Eduard Pernkopf’s Atlas: Topographical Anatomy of Man.

When he was released dduard he was in many ways a broken and dispirited man, but returned to the university, stripped of all titles, to resume work on his atlas.

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He died suddenly of a stroke while working on the first book of the fourth volume. In his first official speech in his new capacity, Pernkopf issued the following charge to his faculty in words that clearly predict both euthanasia and eventual Holocaust: We thank Franz Felberbauer for information submitted.

Bibliography Topographische Anatomie des Menschen. This magnificently illustrated work has been hailed as one of the most important anatomic atlases since the work of Vesalius. It was eduarv from Lehrbuch der Krankenpflegeschulen, volume 4.

Leipzig and Vienna, Journal of Biocommunication, San Francisco, Spring15 2: List people by country List people alphabetically List eponyms alphabetically List all women alphabetically. What eprnkopf an eponym? An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, pernkopg real or fictional. A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person.

Eduard Pernkopf’s atlas of anatomy or: the fiction of “pure science”.

It is our ambition to present a complete survey of all medical phenomena named for a person, with a biography of that person. This survey of medical eponyms and the persons behind them is meant as a general interest site only.

No information found here must under any circumstances be used for medical purposes, diagnostically, therapeutically or otherwise. If you, or anybody close to you, ;ernkopf affected, or believe to be affected, by any condition mentioned here: