June 26, 2020 0 By admin

Excerpts of the Hamoodur Rahman Commission Report, published in Indian weekly This commission of Inquiry was appointed by the President of Pakistan in. Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto had only been in power for one week, when he asked the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, Justice Hamood-ur-Rehman, to investigate the. Hamoodur Rahman Commission Report. The War Inquiry Commission was appointed by the President of Pakistan in December In its secret report, never.

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Hamoodur Rahman Commission Report. This became necessary in view of the vehement assertions made before the Commission by a large number of respectable witnesses drawn from various sections of society, including highly placed and responsible Service Officers, to the effect that due to corruption arising out of the performance repory Martial Law duties, lust for wine and women and greed for reporg and houses, a large number of senior Army Officers, particularly those occupying the highest positions, had not only lost the will to fight but also conmission professional competence necessary for taking the vital and critical decisions demanded of them for the successful prosecution of the war.

It was asserted by these witnesses that men given to a disreputable way of life could hardly be expected to lead the Pakistan Army to victory. After analysing the evidence brought before the Commission, we came to the conclusion that the hamooddur of moral degeneration among the senior ranks of the Armed Forces was set in motion by their involvement in Martial Law duties inthat these tendencies reappeared and were, in fact, intensified when Martial Law was imposed in the country once again in March by General Yahya Reporf, and that there was indeed substance in the allegations that a considerable number of senior Army Officers had not only indulged in large scale acquisition of lands and houses and other commercial activities, but had also adopted highly immoral and hhamoodur ways of life which seriously affected their professional capabilities and their qualities of leadership.

We then offered specific comments on the conduct of certain high officers including the Commander, Eastern Command, Lt. However, we observed, in Paragraph 35 of that Chapter, that “as we have not hamooduur the opportunity of putting these allegations to Lt. Niazi any finding in this behalf must await his return from India where he is at present held as a prisoner of war”. We have now examined not only Lt. Niazi but certain other witnesses as rehmzn in relation to his personal conduct, and the general allegations made against the Pakistan Army during its operations in the former East Pakistan, and are accordingly in a position to formulate our final conclusions in the matter.

Effect of Martial Law Duties 4.

In the situation that developed after the military action of the 25th of Marchthe civil administration in East Pakistan practically came to a commissioh, and the burden of running the Province fell heavily upon the Army Officers.

Their involvement in civil administration continued unabated even after the induction of a sizable number of senior civil servants from West Pakistan, including the Chief Secretary, the Inspector General of Police and at least two Division Commissioners.

According to the Inspector General of Police, Mr. There was a parallel Martial Law administration at all levels.

All wings of administration, relating to law and order were under the control of Martial Law Authorities. Those Bengali Officers who had been restored lacked confidence and were not sure if their loyalties were not suspected. Action was taken against them, even their arrests were ordered without any body knowing about haomodur, including their superiors or the Government of East Pakistan. The Army’s involvement in civil administration did not come to an end even with the installation of hamoodkr civilian governor viz.

M Malikand hzmoodur ministers appointed by him. The observations made in this behalf by Maj Gen. Rao Farman Ali Witness No.

Malik an old man and politician, had a weak personality. He could not annoy, the Martial Law Administrator Lt. Niazi also because of the unsettled conditions obtaining in the Wing.

Catalog Record: The report of the Hamoodur Rehman Commission | Hathi Trust Digital Library

Gen Niazi, on the other hand, cherished and liked power, but did not have the breadth of vision or ability to understand political implications.

He did not display much respect hamoodurr the civilian Governor, The Army virtually continued to control civil administration”. The impression created on the mind of the West Pakistani civilian officials, then serving in East Pakistan, has been stated thus rebman Mr. Mohammad Ashraf, Witness No. Malik and his ministers were figureheads only. Real decisions in all important matters still lay with the Army.


I remember the first picture of the new Cabinet. Gen Farman Ali was prominently visible sitting on the right side of the Governor, although he was not a member of the Cabinet.

This impression is fortified by the fact that at a later stage even the selection of candidates for the by-elections ordered by General Yahya Khan was made by Maj Gen Farman Ali. Gen Niazi and some of his subordinate Martial Law Administrators have no doubt claimed that they allowed full liberty of action to the civilian officials at repprt levels, but even they have conceded that in the peculiar situation prevailing in East Pakistan after the military action the Army necessarily continued to be deeply concerned with the maintenance of law and order, the restoration of communications and the revival of economic activity in the Province.

The evidence of Officers repatriated from India leaves no doubt that this extensive and prolonged involvement of the Pakistan Army in Martial Law duties and civil administration had a disastrous effect on its professional and moral standards.

Saleemullah, who was commanding A Brigade in East Pakistan, “prolonged commitment on Martial Law duties and interment security roles had affected the professional standards of the Army. Similar views were expressed before us by Commodore I.

The Hamood-ur-Rehman Commission Report | A Review

Ijaz Ahmad Witness No. The fresh evidence coming before hamoodud Commission has thus served only to reinforce the conclusions reached by us in the Main Report that the involvement of the Pakistan Army in Martial Law duties and civil administration had a highly ocmmission influence, seriously detracting from the professional duties of the Army and affecting the quality of training which the Officers could impart to their units and formations, for the obvious reason that they did not have enough time available for this purpose, and many of them also lost the inclination to do so.

Living off the Land A new aggravating factor made its appearance in East Pakistan in the wake of the military action of the 25th of Marchwhen units of the Pakistan Army undertook “sweep operations” throughout the Province to deal with the Awami League insurgents.

The Army had to go out into the countryside without adequate logistic arrangements, and was compelled, at least in the early stages of its operations to take its requirements of foodgrains and other essential supplies from commissiin sources.

Unfortunately, however, the practice appears to have persisted even when it became possible to make proper logistic arrangements. There is evidence to the effect that civilian shops and stores were broken into by the troops without preparing any record of what was taken and from where.

The need for commandeering vehicles, foodstuffs, medicines and other essential supplies can certainly be appreciated, but this should have been done co,mission a proper method of accounting so hmoodur compensation could be paid on return of normal conditions. As no such procedure was adopted, it led to a general feeling among the troops, including their officers that they were entitled to take whatever they wanted from wherever they liked.

This appears to us to be the genesis of the looting alleged to have been indulged in by the Army in East Pakistan. In the early stages this method of procurement seems to have been encouraged by senior commanders, including Lt. Gen Niazi, whose remarks on the very first day of his taking over command from Lt.

Commmission Tikka Khan have already been quoted by us in an earlier chapter, viz: Are jamoodur there any cows and goats in this country? This is enemy territory. Get what you want. This is what we used to do in Burma.

Gen Niazi did not, of course, accept having made any such statement and asserted namoodur “whatever we took we gave a chit so that civil government should pay for that. On the contrary, some officers like Lt. However, at a later stage the Eastern Command and the divisional Commanders issued strict fehman in an effort to stop such practices, and some Commanders caused searches to be carried out of the barracks hampodur by the troops for the recovery of looted material which included television sets, refrigerators, typewriters, watches, gold, air conditioners and other attractive items.


We were informed that in several cases disciplinary action by way of Courts of Inquiries was initiated but the cases could not be finalised for one reasons or the other before the surrender on the 16th of December In the Main Report we have mentioned the allegations, and the evidence relating thereto as regards the personal conduct of Gen.

Jehanzeb and Brig Hayatullah. We wish to supplement those observations as regards Lt. From a perusal of Paragraphs 30 to 34 of Chapter 1 of Part V of the Main Report, it will be seen that the graveness of the allegations made against Lt.

Hamoodur Rahman Commission Report

Niazi is that he was making money in the handling of Martial Law cases while posted as G. Saeeda Bukhari of Gulberg, Lahore, who was running a brothel under the name of Senorita Home, and was also acting as the General’s tout for receiving bribes and getting things done; that he was also friendly with another woman called Shamini Firdaus of Sialkot who was said to be playing the same role as Mrs.

Saeeda Bukhari of Lahore; that during his stay in East Pakistan he came to acquire a stinking reputation owing to his association with women of bad repute, and his nocturnal visits to places also frequented by several junior officers under his command; and that he indulged in the smuggling of Pan from East Pakistan to West Pakistan.

A Wahid Witness No. During the present phase of our inquiry damaging evidence has come on the record regarding the ill repute of General Niazi in sex matters, and his indulgence in the smuggling of Pan.

A mention may be made in this behalf of the statements made before us by Lt. Mansoorul Haq Witness No. R Shariff Witness No. Mohammad Ashraf Witness No. Aziz Ahmad Khan Witness No. The remarks made by this last witness are highly significant: Niazi was himself a raper, how could they be stopped. Commissoon enjoyed the same reputation at Sialkot and Lahore.

The Hamood-ur-Rehman Commission Report | A Review | Tanqeed

Farman Ali Witness No. Farman Ali has gone to the extent of stating that “Gen Niazi was annoyed with me because I had not helped him in Pan business. I told ADC to Gen. Niazi, who visited me in my office, that this was a commercial matter and should be left to the arrangements arrived at between PIA and Pan exporters. According to Major S. The allegations mentioned in the preceding Paragraphs were put to Lt. Niazi during his appearance before us, and he naturally denied them. When asked about his weakness for the fair sex, he replied, “I say no.

I have been doing Martial Law duties. I never stopped anybody coming to see me. I became very religious during the East Pakistan trouble. I was not so before. I thought more of death than these things. As regards the allegation that he was indulging in the export of Pan, he stated that he had ordered an enquiry into the matter on the complaint of a man called Bhuiyan who was aggrieved by the monopoly position occupied by the Pan exporters.

From the mass of evidence coming before the Commission from witnesses, both civil and military, there is little doubt that Gen. Niazi unfortunately came to acquire a bad reputation in sex matters, and this reputation has been consistent during his postings in Sialkot, Lahore and East Pakistan.

The allegations regarding his indulgence in the export of Pan by using or abusing his position in the Eastern Command and as Zonal Martial Law Administrator also prima facie appear to be well-founded, although it was not our function to hold a detailed inquiry into the matter.

It is for the Government to decide whether these matters should also form the subject of any inquiry or trial which may have to be ultimately held against this officer. Bashir Ahmad Khan Witness No.

He further alleged that Lt. Commixsion Khan, was also reported to have been involved in the misappropriation of currency. It further came to our notice that the General had distributed some money among persons who left East Pakistan by helicopters on the morning of 15th or 16th of December An inquiry was made from Maj Gen.