HYPERTHERMIA NCP PDFJune 28, 2020
Hyperthermia is elevated body temperature due to a break in thermoregulation that arises when a body produces or absorbs more heat than it. This nursing care plan and diagnosis with nursing interventions is for the following conditions: Hyperthermia, Fever, High Temperature. Free nursing care plan. Hyperthermia NCP. SYSTEMIC INFECTION. Nursing Diagnosis: Hyperthermia related to increased metabolic rate, illness. Hyperthermia.
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Body temperature elevated above normal range. Hyperthermia is elevated body temperature due to a break in thermoregulation that arises when a body produces or absorbs more heat than it dissipates. The setting of the hypothalamic thermoregulatory center is unchanged. In contrast to fever in infections, hyperthermia does not involve pyrogenic molecules.
Fever (Hyperthermia) Nursing Care Plan
Common cases of hyperthermia result from the combined effects of activity and salt and water deprivation in a hot environment, such as when athletes perform in extremely hot weather or when older adults avoid the use of air conditioning because of expense. Hyperthermia may transpire more quickly in persons who have endocrine-related problems; use alcohol; or take diuretics ; anticholinergics ; or phototoxic agents.
Common forms of accidental hyperthermia include heat strokeheat exhaustion, and heat cramps. Malignant hyperthermia is a rare reaction to common anesthetic agents such as halothane or the paralytic agent succinylcholine. Those who have this reaction, which is potentially fatal, have a genetic predisposition. Certain individuals, such as the elderly, infants and young children, the obese, outdoor workers, and those with chronic medical conditions are at increased risk for developing a heat-related illness.
Assessment is necessary in order to identify potential problems that may have lead to Hyperthermia as well as name any episode that may occur during nursing care. Further Reading Recommended books and resources:. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Notify me of new posts by email. Cardiovascular Care Nursing Mnemonics and Tips.
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Fever (Hyperthermia) Nursing Care Plan
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Monitor fluid intake and urine output. If the patient is unconscious, central venous pressure or pulmonary artery pressure should be measured to monitor fluid status. Hyperthermiia resuscitation may be required to correct dehydration. The patient who is significantly dehydrated is no longer able to sweat, which is necessary for evaporative cooling. Review serum electrolytesespecially serum sodium. Sodium losses occur with profuse sweating and accidental hyperthermia.
Room temperature may be accustomed to near normal body temperature and blankets and linens may be adjusted as indicated to regulate temperature of the patient.
Antipyretic medications lower body temperature by blocking the synthesis of prostaglandins that act in the hypothalamus. Provide chlorpromazine Thorazine hcp diazepam Valium when excessive shivering occurs.
Encourage ample fluid intake by mouth.
Hyperthermia – Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan – Nurseslabs
Provide additional cooling mechanisms commensurate with the significance of temperature elevation and related manifestations: These invasive procedures are used to quickly lower core temperature. These patients require cardiopulmonary monitoring. Cooling too quickly may cause shivering, which increases the use of energy calories and increases the metabolic rate to produce heat.
Start intravenous normal saline solutions or as indicated. Educate patient and family members about the signs and symptoms of hyperthermia and help in identifying factors related to occurrence of fever; discuss importance of increased fluid intake to avoid dehydration. Jcp health teachings to the patient and family aids in coping with disease condition and could help prevent further complications of hyperthermia. This hypsrthermia provides information and additional resources for patients who have a history of malignant hyperthermia.
Discuss the significance of informing future health nco providers of the malignant hyperthermia risk; recommend a medical alert bracelet or similar identification.